Indium oxide is used in some types of batteries, thin-film infrared reflectors transparent for visible light (hot mirrors), some optical coatings, and some antistatic coatings. In combination with tin dioxide, indium oxide forms indium tin oxide (also called tin-doped indium oxide or ITO), a material used for transparent conductive coatings in semiconductors, indium oxide can be used as an n-type semiconductor used as a resistive element in integrated circuits. Availability in 5 gm, 10 gm, 25gm, 50, gm and 100 gm packing.
High Purity Indium Tin Oxide
ITO is a mixed oxide of indium and tin with a melting point in the range 1526â€“1926 Â°C (1800â€“2200K, 2800â€“3500 Â°F), depending on composition. The material is an n-type semiconductor with a large bandgap of around 4 eV. High Purity Indium Tin Oxide is both transparent to visible light and has a relatively high electrical conductivity. These properties are utilized to great advantage in touch-screen applications such as mobile phones. Availability in 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 gm, and 500gm packing.
Uses of indium tin oxide(ITO)
Indium tin oxide (ITO) is an optoelectronic material that is applied widely in both research and industry. ITO can be used for many applications, such as flat-panel displays, smart windows, polymer-based electronics, thin-film photovoltaic's, glass doors of supermarket freezers, and architectural windows. Moreover, ITO thin films for glass substrates can be helpful for glass windows to conserve energy.
ITO green tapes are utilized for the production of lamps that are electroluminescent, functional, and fully flexible. Also, ITO thin films are used primarily to serve as coatings that are anti-reflective and for liquid crystal displays (LCDs) and electroluminescence, where the thin films are used as conducting, transparent electrodes.
It is often used to make transparent conductive coating for displays such as liquid crystal displays, flat panel displays, plasma displays touch panels, and electronic ink applications. Thin films are also used in organic light-emitting diodes, solar cells, antistatic coatings, and EMI shielding. In organic light-emitting diodes, high purity indium tin oxide is used as the anode (hole injection layer).
ITO films deposited on windshields are used for defrosting aircraft windshields. The heat is generated by applying a voltage across the film.
It is also used for various optical coatings most notably infrared-reflecting coatings for automotive, and sodium vapor lamp glasses. Other uses include gas sensors, antireflection coatings electrowetting on, dielectrics, and Bragg reflectors for VCSEL lasers. It is also used as the IR reflector for Low-E window panes. It was also used as a sensor coating in the later Kodak DCS cameras, starting with the Kodak DCS 520, as a means of increasing blue channel response.
High purity indium tin oxide thin-film strain gauges can operate at temperatures up to 1400 Â°C and can be used in harsh environments, such as gas turbines, jet engines, and rocket engines